Amphetamine and Dextroamphetamine
This article was medically reviewed by M.Pharm, Marko Tanaskovic on August 12, 2018. To read more about an author, click here.
Amphetamine and dextroamphetamine belongs to central nervous system stimulants.
It is used to treat narcolepsy.
Amphetamine is a potent central nervous system stimulant. It causes the release of noradrenaline and dopamine from nerve endings. Increased noradrenergic activity in the central nervous system is causes increased alertness and hyper-reflection.
In mentally healthy people this effect causes euphoria and increased capacity for work. Higher doses results in flood of thoughts, with attention jumping from one subject to another, which is characteristic of manic psychosis.
It is used to treat:
- Hyperkinetik disorder in children
- It is sometimes used to improve mood in patients with major depression
It should be avoided in combination with following medicines:
- Isocarboxazid (Marplan)
- Rasagiline (Azilect)
- Phenelzine (Nardil)
- Furazolidone (Furoxone)
- Tranylcypromine (Parnate)
Combination of these medicines with Amphetamine may cause serious side effects.
It should be avoided in patients with following conditions:
- In patients with heart diseases
- In patients with glaucoma
- In patients allergic to active substances of the medicine
This medicine may cause following side effects:
- Hypertension (high blood pressure)
- Psychotic symptoms (anxiety, bipolar disorder, depressive disorder)
- Paranoid ideation
- Auditory hallucinations
Call your doctor right away if you are experiencing any of side effects.
Brand names: Adderall and Adderall XR.
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If you have any concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other health-care professional.