Avil

Avil - Use | Side effects | Dose

Avil is a drug from the group of H1 antihistamines. It works by blocking the action of histamine on H1 receptors. Histamine is a substance which is released in an allergic reaction. By blocking the action of histamine, Avil removes the symptoms of allergic reactions.

It is used for the symptomatic alleviation of allergic conditions:

  • Allergic rhinitis (hay fever)
  • Mild angioedema
  • Allergic conjunctivitis
  • Allergic dermatitis (urticaria, pruritus)

It also can be used to treat travel sickness (kinetosis).

Precautions

It should be avoided or may be used, only with extra precautions in the following conditions:

  • If you are allergic to Avil or other similar drugs. Although it is used for the treatment of allergy, it is possible that this medicine cause an allergic reaction. Symptoms of an allergy include:
    • skin rash,
    • swelling of the tongue,
    • swelling of the face,
    • swelling of the throat,
    • difficulty breathing. An allergic reaction can cause anaphylactic shock, and it is necessary to contact your doctor if you notice any of these symptoms.
  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia (enlarged prostate).
  • If you are taking medications used for the treatment of depression (called MAO inhibitors) or you have taken them within the past 14 days, such as:
    • phenelzine,
    • moclobemide,
    • selegiline.
  • Glaucoma
  • If you have liver damage
  • If you have breathing problems (asthma, bronchitis, emphysema)
  • Thyroid gland disease
  • If you suffer from epilepsy
  • If you have heart problems

It should be avoided in children under the age of 2.

Avil syrup usually contains certain amount of sugar, and should be used with caution in diabetics.

Use during pregnancy and breastfeeding

Use during pregnancy and breastfeeding is not recommended. It can be harmful to your baby. Avil should be used during pregnancy only if the benefit to the mother outweighs the risk to the child.

It is not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. Avoid breastfeeding while using Avil.

How to use

It is available in the form of tablets and syrups. Syrups are intended mainly for children.

This medicine must be used with food or after meal.

Dosage for children:

Age Dose
Children aged 2-3 years 7.5 mg (2.5 ml), 2-3 times a day
Children aged 3-12 years 15 mg (5 ml), 2-3 times a day
Children above the age of 12 15-30 mg (5ml-10ml), 2-3 times a day

Initial dose for adults: 25 mg 2-3 times a day with a glass of water. The dose can be increased to 50 mg 2-3 times a day.

If you are taking for travel sickness, take a tablet or syrup for half an hour before traveling.

Swallow the tablet whole with a glass of water. Do not break the tablet and do not chew.

Use with other drugs (Interactions)

It should be avoided or may be used only with extra precautions with the following medications:

  • MAO inhibitors, used to treat depression, such as:
    • moclobemide,
    • selegiline,
    • phenelzine and others.
  • Anticholinergic medications such as:
    • atropine,
    • scopolamine,
    • tiotropium,
    • ipratropium,
    • chlorpheniramine,
    • dimenhydrinate,
    • diphenhydramine,
    • tropicamide and others.
  • Medications used in treatment of anxiety, and tranquilizers

It also should not be used in combination with the abovementioned medications, because it can cause:

  1. severe headaches,
  2. dizziness,
  3. fainting,
  4. loss of consciousness.

This medication should not be used in combination with alcoholic beverages because it increases the risk of side effects.

Side effects

Avil may cause the following side effects:

  1. severe headache,
  2. dizziness,
  3. hallucinations,
  4. loss of consciousness,
  5. confusion,
  6. mood changes,
  7. impaired coordination,
  8. nausea and vomiting,
  9. liver damage manifested as jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes),
  10. painful urination,
  11. allergic reactions and others.

Symptoms of an allergy include:

  1. skin rash,
  2. swelling of the face,
  3. neck and tongue,
  4. difficulty breathing.

An allergic reaction can cause anaphylactic shock that can be fatal. Immediately contact your doctor if you are experiencing these symptoms.