Flucon eye drops - Dosage | Interactions | Effects
This article was medically reviewed by M.Pharm, Marko Tanaskovic on August 12, 2018. To read more about an author, click here.
Flucon eye drops contain an active substance called fluorometholone. It is used to treat inflammatory diseases of the eye (inflammation of the eyelids, conjunctivitis, inflammation of the eyeball, inflammation of the cornea, etc.). It belongs to the group of topical corticosteroids intended for ophthalmic use.
Flucon eye drops relieve symptoms such as redness and swelling of the eye.
Warnings and precautions
Flucon eye drops are contraindicated for use in the following situations:
- Viral eye diseases (viral conjunctivitis, acute superficial keratitis caused by the virus, etc.).
- Fungal eye infections.
- Eye infections caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis (so-called ocular tuberculosis).
- A known allergic reaction to any ingredient of Flucon eye drops.
Flucon eye drops should not be administered for more than 7 days without an ophthalmologist's advice. Long-term administration may result in an increase in intraocular pressure. Monitoring of intraocular pressure is necessary if these drops are administered for more than 7 days. Elevated intraocular pressure can damage the optic nerve and lead to visual disturbances and cataract.
Since it contains a corticosteroid, Flucon eye drops can weaken the immune system, which increases the risk of secondary eye infections.
Flucon eye drops should be avoided in patients with glaucoma or in patients who have recently had cataract surgery. It is known that Flucon eye drops can slow down the patient's recovery after cataract surgery.
There are data indicating that Flucon eye drops can cause corneal thinning, and the use of this drug is not recommended in patients with thin cornea.
In general, your ophthalmologist should not prescribe you these drops without a prior comprehensive eye examination. If your symptoms do not improve after two days, the ophthalmologist must re-evaluate the need for continuation of therapy.
Your ophthalmologist should examine you again after two days of using Flucon eye drops.
It should be avoided in children under the age of 2.
Flucon eye drops, Pregnancy and Breastfeeding
Studies in rabbits at doses that are several times higher than those recommended for human use have shown that fluorometholone can cause cleft palate, spina bifida (a neural tube defect), limb abnormalities, and fetal loss. For this reason, the FDA has classified this drug as C pregnancy category, which means that animal studies have shown risk to the fetus, but there are insufficient data on its use in pregnant women.
Therefore, the use of Flucon eye drops during pregnancy is not advised.
It is not known whether this medicine is excreted in breast milk. Since it can cause serious adverse effects in infants, your ophthalmologist and pediatrician must decide whether this medicine can be taken during breastfeeding, after careful and comprehensive benefit / risk assessment.
The recommended dose for patients older than 2 years is one drop, 2-4 times a day. The prescribed amount of drops should be instilled into the conjunctival sac. Your ophthalmologist may increase the dose to one drop every four hours if he/she considers it necessary. Your ophthalmologist will determine the duration of therapy.
Before use, wash your hands and shake eye drops well. If you wear contact lenses, it is necessary to remove them before use.
Hold the bottle, pointing down, between your thumb and middle finger. Tilt your head back and pull down the lower eyelid using your forefinger. Use your forefinger to release one drop by gently tapping or pressing the bottle base. Do not squeeze the bottle. Be careful not to touch the tip of the bottle to your eye because it increases the risk of infections. After releasing the eye drop, close your eyes, do not blink and hold your eye closed for few minutes.
Close the bottle firmly and wash your hands again.
After you instil the drops, you can feel a burning sensation in your eye. This feeling usually disappears shortly after administration, but if the burning sensation does not disappear, you should contact your doctor.
If you release more drops than recommended by your ophthalmologist, immediately rinse your eye with warm water.
Flucon eye drops should be instilled at the exact time every day.
After long-term use of Flucon eye drops, your ophthalmologist may recommend that you gradually reduce the dose of this medicine before you completely discontinue use, to avoid adverse effects.
There are no known interactions with other medicines.
However, if you use other medicines intended for ophthalmic use, you should use them for 20 minutes after applying Flucon eye drops.
Possible side effects of Flucon eye drops include:
- Blurred vision.
- Redness of the eyes.
- Burning sensation in the eyes.
- Pain in the eye.
- Eye irritation.
- Increased risk of eye infection.
- Increased intraocular pressure.
- Optic nerve damage.
- Slow wound healing.
- Mydriasis - dilatation of the pupil.
- Corneal ulcers.
- Swelling of the eyelids.
- Erythema of the eyelids.
- Taste changes.
- Itching of the eye.
- Systemic hypercorticoidism (occurs very rarely).
Tell your doctor if you are experiencing any side effects.
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If you have any concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other health-care professional.