Infanrix - Use | Dosage | Side Effects
Infanrix hexa vaccine is administered to children in order to prevent six diseases: diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), hepatitis B, poliomyelitis and disease caused by the bacterium Haemophilus influenzae type b. Infanrix is effective because it stimulate organism to produce an own protection (antibodies) against the above diseases.
- Diphtheria: Diphtheria mainly affecting the airways, but in some circumstances may also affect the skin. Airways become inflamed (swollen) and its consequence is severe breathing difficulties and sometimes suffocation. The bacteria release a toxin (poison) that can cause nerve damage, heart problems, even death.
- Tetanus: Tetanus bacteria enters the body through cuts, scratches and wounds on the skin. Wounds that are especially prone to infection are burns, fractures, deep wounds or wounds contaminated with dirt, dust, manure / fertilizer or pieces of wood. Bacteria release toxins (toxin) which could cause muscle stiffness, painful muscle spasms, convulsions and even death. Muscle cramps can be strong enough to cause bone fractures of the spine.
- Pertussis (whooping cough): Pertussis is a highly contagious disease. This disease of the airways causing severe coughing fits that can interfere with normal breathing. The cough is often accompanied by the sound of a donkey-like, ahence the common name "whooping cough". Cough can last 1-2 months or longer. Pertussis can cause susceptibility to ear infections, bronchitis, which can be time consuming, pneumonia, convulsions, brain damage and even death.
- Hepatitis B: Hepatitis B virus causes hepatitis B. It causes inflammation of the liver. The virus is found in body fluids such as blood, semen, vaginal secretions, or saliva of infected humans.
- Poliomyelitis (Polio): Poliomyelitis, sometimes called a "polio" is a viral infection that can have different effects. often causes only mild disease, but in some people can cause permanent damage or even death. In its most severe form of polio causes paralysis of the muscles (muscles can not run), including the muscles involved in breathing and walking. Extremity surgery, this disease may be painfully deformed.
- Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib): Hib infection usually causes inflammation (island) brain tissue. Serious complications that can occur are: mental retardation, cerebral palsy, deafness, epilepsy or partial blindness. Hib infection causes inflammation of the throat. In certain circumstances, can lead to death due to asphyxiation. In rare cases, the infection can affect the blood, heart, lungs, bones, joints and tissues of eyes and mouth.
Vaccination is the best way to protect against such diseases. Any component of the vaccine Infanrix is not contagious.
Your child should not receive the vaccine Infanrix hexa if
- previously had an allergic reaction to vaccines Infanrix hexa or to any ingredient of the vaccine Infanrix. Signs of an allergic reaction may include skin rash accompanied by itching, shorter of breath and swelling of the face or tongue;
- once had an allergic reaction to any vaccine against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), hepatitis B, poliomyelitis and disease caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b;
- within a period of 7 days following previous vaccination with pertussis (whooping cough) had a problem with the nervous system;
- has a severe infection with a high temperature (over 38 ° C). Minor infections such as the common cold is not an obstacle to vaccination, but in this case still need to talk to your doctor before applying the vaccine.
Be careful when your child receive Infanrix vaccine
- If your child after previous administration of the vaccine Infanrix or another vaccine against pertussis (whooping cough) had some problems, especially:
- High temperature (over 40 ° C) which has occurred within a period of 48 hours after vaccination
- Collapse or shock-like state within a period of 48 hours after vaccination
- Persistent crying lasting 3 hours or more which occurred within a period of 48 hours after vaccination
- Attack / muscle spasms febrile within or without a period of 3 days after vaccination
- If your child is suffering from undiagnosed or progressive brain disease or uncontrolled epilepsy. It is advisable that the vaccine be administered after the establishment of control over the disease.
- If your child has a bleeding problem or it can easily occur bruises on the body.
- If your child is prone to attacks / muscle cramps at elevated temperatures or if this phenomenon exists in the family history of the disease.
Interactions (The usage of other medicines)
Please note that this information may relate to the medicines that you longer apply, and the medicines that you are planning to apply in the future. Tell your doctor if you are taking or have recently applied any other medicines including medicines obtained without a prescription or has recently received other vaccines.
Receiving Ifanrix with food and liquid
It is not applicable.
Infanrix use during pregnancy and breastfeeding
It is not applicable.
Your child should receive a total of two or three doses of vaccine with an interval of at least one month between each dose. Each dose of vaccine is administered during a special visit to the doctor. The doctor or nurse will let you know when your child is to receive the next dose of vaccine. The doctor will let you know if it is necessary use an additional or "booster" dose of Infanrix vaccine. Make sure your child finishes the complete vaccination scheme consisting of three doses of vaccine. If complete vaccination scheme is not finished, it is possible that your child may not be fully protected against the disease. The doctor will apply to your child vaccine Infanrix hexa injecting vaccines into muscle. Vaccine under no circumstances should NEVER be administered into a vein or under the skin.
It is not applicable.
If your child didn't receive a dose of vaccine Infanrix hexa
Contact your doctor and schedule a new one if your child has not been vaccinated on time.
As with the application of other vaccines are administered by injection, there is a very small risk of severe allergic reactions (anaphylactic and anaphylactoid reactions). Allergic reactions may be:
- skin rash which may be itchy or blistering;
- swelling around the eyes and face;
- difficulty breathing or swallowing;
- a sudden drop in blood pressure and loss of consciousness.
This reaction usually occur before leaving the doctor's office. However, you should immediately contact your doctor if any of these symptoms occur with your child. As in the application of vaccines against pertussis (whooping cough), within a period of 2 to 3 days after the administration of the vaccine is the possible appearance of adverse reactions listed below, which occur very infrequently:
- collapse, periods of unconsciousness or decrease the level of awareness;
- seizures or muscle spasms accompanied by fever or without.
You need to consult a doctor immediately if you notice any of these side effects on your child. In other reported side effects include: Very common (may occur in 1 to 10 doses or more of vaccine)
- Loss of appetite;
- high temperature of 38 ° C or higher;
- swelling, pain, redness at the site of administration of the vaccine;
- unusual crying, irritability, restlessness;
Common (may occur in up to 1 in 10 doses of the vaccine)
- diarrhea, vomiting;
- fever higher than 39.5 ° C;
- swelling at the site of application of the vaccine in diameter larger than 5 cm, induration at the site of administration of the vaccine nervous nausea
Uncommon (may occur in up to 1 in 100 doses of vaccine)
- large island in the extremity of which is applied to vaccine;
Rare (may occur in up to 1 in 1,000 doses of the vaccine)
- skin rash;
Very rare (may occur in up to 1 in 10,000 doses)
- island glands in the neck, armpit or groin (lymphadenopathy)
- At very early births (before 28 weeks gestation), during 2 to 3 days after vaccination may be associated with longer pauses between breaths;
- swelling of the face, lips, mouth, tongue or throat which may cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing (angioedema);
- inflammation and destruction of the structure of the skin (dermatitis);
- swelling of the entire limb in which the vaccine is administered, the appearance of vesicles at the site of administration of the vaccine.
If you notice any of the side effects, please tell your doctor or pharmacist! Infanrix hexa is a registered trademark of the GlaxoSmithKline group of companies.