Loperamide

Loperamide - Use | Precautions | Side effects

This article was medically reviewed by M.Pharm, Marko Tanaskovic on August 12, 2018. To read more about an author, click here.

This medicine is used to treat acute diarrhea in adults and children above the age of 4.

It can be used to treat chronic diarrhea in adults.

Loperamide increases stool consistency and therefore decreases number of stools.

How to use

Beside taking Loperamide you should receive fluid and electrolyte replacement.

It can be used to treat diarrhea in children, only under the medical supervision. Swallow the tablet whole with a glass of water.

Adults and children aged 9-12 years:

The initial dose is 2-4 mg (1-2 tablets) per day.

Maximum daily dose is 10 mg (5 tablets).

Children aged 4-8 years:

Usual dose is 2 mg once a day. Maximum daily dose is 4 mg.

Precautions

Tell your doctor:

  • If you are taking any other medications
  • If you have a chronic disease
  • If you have a metabolism disorder

It should be avoided in following conditions:

  • If you are allergic to Loperamide.
  • Constipation
  • AIDS
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Liver damage
  • In children under the age of 4.

Avoid driving a car or operating machinery if you feel dizzy or drowsy.

Use of Loperamide during pregnancy and breastfeeding

It should be avoided during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Loperamide can be used during pregnancy, only if the benefit to the mother outweighs risk for child.

This medicine passes into breast milk, therefore it should be avoided during breastfeeding.

Side effects

Loperamide can cause following side effects:

  • Abdominal cramps
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Indigestion
  • Constipation
  • Skin rash
  • Itchy skin
  • Shortness of breath.

If you are experiencing any of these side effects,  contact your doctor immediately.

Brand names: Diamode, Imodium A-D, Kao-Paverin, Kaopectate 1-D, Imodium, Maalox Anti-Diarrheal, Pepto Diarrhea Control, Imotil and Diar-Aid.

Information on this website are provided for educational purposes only and are not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

If you have any concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other health-care professional.

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