Minoxidil

Minoxidil - Use | Dose | Side Effects

Minoxidil 5% solution is used in the treatment of hereditary hair loss in men aged 18 to 65 years, it prevents further hair loss and helps its regrowth. It contains minoxidil, which is believed to help blood flow to the cells from which the hair grows. Start degree of hair growth and the individual. In general, younger patients and those in whom there is hair loss over a short period of time, or in which the hair loss affected lower surface of the head, better suited to the application Minoxidil 5% solution, although the individual response can not be predicted.

Do not use this medicine if

  • You are allergic to minoxidil or any of the other ingredients;
  • You have high blood pressure (treated or untreated);
  • have a skin disease on the scalp (including the sunburn and psoriasis);
  • have a shaved head;
  • simultaneously applying creams, oils or lotions to treat diseases of the scalp, such as ditranol (for psoriasis), tretinoin (used to treat acne or other skin diseases), corticosteroids (anti-inflammatory medicines, eg. Hydrocortisone), Vaseline;
  • Wear occlusive bandage.

Minoxidil 5% solution is not intended for use in women.

Be careful when applying this medicine

  • Minoxidil 5% solution is intended for outdoor use
  • Do not apply on other parts of the body, except on the surface of the scalp.
  • Before you use Minoxidil 5% solution, check the condition of the scalp.
  • The solution does not apply to broken or inflamed skin.
  • Avoid inhalation solution.
  • Avoid contact with sensitive areas of the solution. Minoxidil 5% solution may come in contact with sensitive surfaces (eye, and mucous membranes of mouth and nose) cause burning and irritation. The affected sites should wash thoroughly with cold water.
  • After applying the solution, hands should be thoroughly washed.
  • In some patients, it may change the color or structure of the hair from the application Minoxidil 5% solution.
  • If you have heart disease or cardiovascular system (eg, angina), or suffer from irregular heart rhythm, before applying Minoxidil 5% solution should consult a doctor.

Interactions (The usage of other medicines)

Please note that this information may relate to the medicines that you no longer apply, and the medicines that you are planning to apply in the future. Tell your doctor if you are taking or have recently applied any other medicines including medicines obtained without a prescription. Concomitant use Minoxidil 5% solution, and some medications for surface application, which include corticosteroids, tretinoin, ditranol and Vaseline, can increase the absorption of minoxidil. If you are taking any of the medications to treat high blood pressure, you should not also apply Minoxidil 5% solution. Though not clinically proved, there is a theoretical possibility that Minoxidil 5% solution intensify effects of antihypertensive medications (medicines used to treat high blood pressure) and thus excessively lower blood pressure.

Taking Minoxidil with food and liquid

Application of food and drink should not have an impact on the effectiveness of Minoxidil solution.

Medicines use during pregnancy and breastfeeding

Before you start to apply some medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist. Minoxidil 5% solution should not be used during pregnancy and lactation.

The effect of this medicine on the management of motor vehicles and machinery operation

Minoxidil 5% solution does not affect your ability to drive or operate machinery.

Medicines use

Apply the medication exactly as your doctor has prescribed. If you feel that the medicine is too strong or too weak, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. Minoxidil 5 % solution is only intended for outdoor use. Applies only to the surface of the head. Dosage (men 18-65 years): 1 ml Minoxidil 5 % solution applied twice a day to completely dry the affected scalp hair loss . The total daily dose should not exceed 2 ml. To achieve the expected therapeutic effect, the solution should be applied twice a day for at least two months. After achieving clinical improvement, continue with normal application Minoxidil 5 % solution to maintain hair growth process. There are reports which indicate that three to four months after the termination of Minoxidil 5 % solution of hair loss process still continues. If a satisfactory therapeutic effect is achieved even after one year, treatment should be discontinued. Method of application: In the morning and evening, apply a spray pump 1 ml Minoxidil 5 % solution of dry scalp hair loss affected and rub gently from the center to the ends. Each time a button is top of the pump 8 times to be caused by 1 ml. After applying the solution to wash your hands. Before first use, pump a few times to push out the solution, until you achieve a uniform stream. In the following application of spray can be used immediately. Dosage in children and the elderly: Not recommended. Safety and efficacy of the patients younger than 18 and older than 65 years have not been tested.

Overdose

If you apply more than the prescribed dose is, consult your doctor or pharmacist! There are no known cases of overdose of minoxidil after topical application Minoxidil 5% solution. Accidental introduction of large amounts of solution in the digestive system can cause systemic side effects that result from the pharmacological action minoxidil (2 ml Minoxidil 5% solution contains 100 mg of minoxidil, which is the maximum recommended oral dose for the treatment of high blood pressure). Signs and symptoms of overdose of minoxidil are primarily cardiovascular nature, are associated with fluid retention and salt, and tachycardia (rapid heart rate). In case of overdose you should contact your doctor, so that we can provide assistance.

If you forget to take the medicine

If you forget to take medication, do not use double dose later. Continue to use the medicine according to the usual schedule. If you forget to Minoxidil 5% solution, do it as soon as you remember. After that, proceed with the application of the normal distribution and suitably. Do not apply a double dose of the medicine at once, to make up the missed dose.

If you stop taking this medicine

Apply this medicine for as long as prescribed by the doctor. Three to four months after the discontinuation of this medication, new hair disappears and the process of hair loss (baldness) continues. If you have any further questions on the use of Minoxidil 5% solution, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Side effects

Applied at the recommended dose range, Minoxidil 5 % solution is well tolerated, and side effects are possible in nature generally mild and transient. After placing the medicinal product have been reported following effects. Red and inflamed skin itchy and stinging at the application site. This side effect usually occurs at the beginning of treatment and does not require discontinuation of. If, however, occur and persistent redness or irritation of the skin, stop further application Minoxidil 5 % solution and contact your doctor. Were recorded following side effects: hypertrichosis (unwanted body hair), local redness, burning, dryness of the scalp and increased hair loss. In some of the patients noticed increased hair loss at baseline Minoxidil 5 % solution. This temporary hair loss generally occurs 2 to 6 weeks after initiation of therapy and stop after a few weeks. If hair loss continues for more than 2 weeks, stop apply Minoxidil 5% solution and consult a dermatologist. Systemic side effects , such as cardiovascular and metabolic, have been reported very rarely. There have been rare cases of hypotension (blood pressure lowering). If you are experiencing low blood pressure, chest pain, rapid heartbeat, faintness, dizziness, sudden and unexpected weight gain, swelling of hands or feet, stop the application Minoxidil 5 % solution and contact your doctor. If you notice any side effects, please inform your doctor or pharmacist. This medicine is also known as: Pilfud